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Erik Bengtsson . Foto

Erik Bengtsson

Universitetslektor

Erik Bengtsson . Foto

Inequality and the working class in Scandinavia 1800 to 1910. Workers’ share of growing income

Författare

  • Erik Bengtsson

Summary, in English

One of the major ways in which economic inequality can increase is when the development of wages of ordinary workers trail productivity and GDP growth, meaning that the increasing riches fall in the hand of other social groups (top employees, owners of land and capital). This

paper investigates the relationship between wages and GDP in Denmark, Norway and Sweden from 1800 to 1910, using wage series for workers in agriculture as well as crafts and industry. It shows wages trailing especially in Norway from 1840 to the mid- 1870s but also in

Denmark in the 1850s and 1860s. On the other hand, wages generally

increase faster than GDP in the 1880s and 1890s. These developments are explained with labour supply (population growth, migration) as well as class conflict and social policy.

Avdelning/ar

  • Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen

Publiceringsår

2016

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market

Issue

142

Dokumenttyp

Working paper

Förlag

Department of Economic History, Lund University

Ämne

  • Economic History

Nyckelord

  • wages
  • living standards
  • inequality
  • working class
  • Denmark
  • Norway
  • Sweden

Aktiv

Published