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Erik Bengtsson . Foto

Erik Bengtsson

Universitetslektor

Erik Bengtsson . Foto

Income inequality in an industrial city during the great levelling: micro level evidence from malmö, 1900–1950

Författare

  • Anton Svensson
  • Erik Bengtsson

Summary, in English

This paper contributes to the debate on historical income inequality, and especially on the decrease in inequality found in industrialised countries during the first half of the twentieth century. We use new archival individual – and household-level data for taxpayers in Sweden’s third- largest city, Malmö, from 1900 to 1950. Previous research has established that Sweden had a distinctive downturn in income inequality during the first half of the twentieth century, and explanations have not the least focused on capital incomes and taxes. With our original data we shed light on what happened to working- class and middle-class incomes, and show the importance of job upgrading of the working-class, the decline of domestic service and women’s enhanced position on the labour market, and declining market incomes for top income earners in changing Malmö’s income distribution. We compare pre-tax and post-tax distributions, and the distribution on the individual level and the household level. With the new micro data, a richer account of income growth and income distribution in twentieth century Sweden is provided.

Avdelning/ar

  • Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen
  • Finanshistoria, banker och försäkringar
  • Tillväxt, teknologisk förändring och ojämlikhet

Publiceringsår

2022-11-29

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Scandinavian Economic History Review

Volym

71

Issue

1

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Routledge

Ämne

  • Economic History

Aktiv

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 1750-2837