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Erik Bengtsson . Foto

Erik Bengtsson

Universitetslektor

Erik Bengtsson . Foto

The rise of the middle class : The income gap between salaried employees and workers in Sweden, 1830–1935

Författare

  • Erik Bengtsson
  • Svante Prado

Summary, in English

We present the first comprehensive, long run salary information on Swedish middle-class employees before the twentieth century. Our data include school teachers, professors, clerks, policemen and janitors in Stockholm 1830–1935. We use the new data to compare the annual earnings of these middle-class employees with the annual earnings of farm workers and manufacturing workers. The results show that the income gap between the middle class and the working class widen drastically from the mid-nineteenth century to a historically high level during the 1880s and 1890s. The differentials then decreased during the first four decades of the twentieth century. The bulging earnings advantage of middle-class employees vis-à-vis unskilled workers chimes with Kocka’s depiction of the latter half of the nineteenth century as the era of the bourgeoisie.

Avdelning/ar

  • Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen

Publiceringsår

2018

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Lund Papers in Economic History. General Issues

Issue

2018:186

Dokumenttyp

Working paper

Ämne

  • Economic History

Nyckelord

  • wages
  • salaries
  • income inequality
  • middle class
  • Sweden
  • J31
  • N13
  • N33

Aktiv

Published