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Maria Stanfors. Foto.

Maria Stanfors


Maria Stanfors. Foto.

Who cares for mum and dad? Unpaid caregiving and labor supply among the working-age population in Europe


  • Elisa Labbas
  • Maria Stanfors

Summary, in English

Population ageing affects most European countries, pressurizing pension and care systems. This combination fuels demand for formal and informal care, implying that many, particularly women, are faced with dual responsibilities of paid work and unpaid caregiving. We study the relationship between unpaid caregiving for parents and labor supply (in terms of employment and work hours) among older adult men and women (40-65) across Europe. Data from the Survey of Health, Retirement, and Ageing in Europe (SHARE) 2004-2015 are analyzed through OLS and 2SLS estimations. We find regional variation in the association between unpaid caregiving and labor supply. Intensive caregiving among women is generally negatively associated with paid employment, though this is not the case for less intensive care. Care for an elderly parent impact both women’s and men’s labor supply negatively. Our findings indicate that more extensive social infrastructure for caring may diminish labor supply effects of intensive unpaid care.


  • Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen
  • Centrum för ekonomisk demografi








  • Economic History
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Conference name

Population Association of America Annual Meeting 2019

Conference date

2019-04-10 - 2019-04-13

Conference place

Austin, United States




  • Longer working lives and unpaid caregiving: costs, conflicts and tradeoffs in a comparative perspective
  • Longer working lives and informal caregiving: Tradeoffs and economic value